Monday, 23 March 2009

Word order for basic sentences

There is greater choice of word order in German than in English because you get clues from case or verb endings that you don't get in English. However there are rules about word order and today I will look at word order in basic sentences.

A basic sentence has a subject and a verb and something else. In the sentence der Junge liest ein Buch, the boy is the subject, the verb is reading, and the third part is an object, a book. In the sentence Der Junge gibt dem Mädchen das Buch the boy is still the subject, the verb has changed to give, and following this there is a direct and an indirect object. You can have prepositions with nouns but a basic sentence has a subject a verb and something else, and this is also the word order.

Bis bald

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